Congress introduces Wise Investment in Children (WIC) Act

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Key Takeaways

On March 18, Representatives Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.), Jenniffer Gonzalez-Colon (R-Puerto Rico), Linda Sanchez (D-Calif.), Kim Schrier (D-Wash.), and Don Young (R-Alaska) and Senators Bob Casey (D-Penn.) and Susan Collins (R-Maine) introduced the Wise Investment in Children (WIC) Act, which would expand eligibility for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). As the nation continues to grapple with the economic impacts of the pandemic, WIC and other federal nutrition programs have helped vulnerable families keep food on the table.

WIC is a federal program that provides grants to states for supplemental nutritional care for low-income pregnant, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding postpartum women and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk. Although WIC is administered at the state level, the program operates through nearly 1,900 local agencies, including county health departments. Beyond food assistance, WIC participants have access to services such as health screening, nutrition and breastfeeding counseling, immunization screening and referral, substance abuse referral and more.

The bipartisan bill specifically aims to enhance the WIC program by expanding child eligibility to age six or the beginning of kindergarten; expand postpartum eligibility to two years; and extended infant certification periods to two years. Congress will have the opportunity to make changes to WIC and other child nutrition programs in the coming months as the Senate Agriculture Committee and House Education and Labor Committee begin the process of Child Nutrition Reauthorization. Given our role in shaping early childhood systems and investing in core services for infants and toddlers, counties support this bipartisan effort to expand eligibility and reduce administrative barriers within WIC, which is proven to positively impact participants’ health and nutrition. NACo will continue to monitor this legislation and the Child Nutrition Reauthorization process.

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