Policy Brief

Support Workforce and Local Business Development: the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)


ACTION NEEDED: 

Urge your members of Congress to support level funding for Title I programs under the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) as Congress considers funding for FY 2020. Funded through the Labor, Health and Human Services (Labor-HHS) appropriations bill, WIOA programs provide important financial and other resources to support a demand driven workforce development system that meets the needs of business and jobseekers alike.

BACKGROUND: 

Enacted in 2014, WIOA is bipartisan legislation that authorizes federal employment, workforce and training programs and formula funding to states and localities. WIOA provides the needed framework for a modernized, demand driven workforce development system to meet the needs of business and jobseekers alike.

Administered at the federal level under the DOL Employment and Training Administration (ETA), WIOA is the largest single source of federal funding for workforce development activities. WIOA is a vital funding source for workforce development that helps states and localities, including counties, tackle and overcome challenges facing jobseekers and employers.

The 2014 WIOA measure included several modernizations to help better match businesses with the skilled workers they need to grow. Several of these include:

  • Maintaining local governance authority, while providing enhanced flexibility to meet the needs of business and jobseekers;

  • Maintaining a business-led majority on the Workforce Development Boards (WDBs), while reducing the numbers of required members;

  • Establishing a single set of common performance metrics across all core programs and adding a measure on the effectiveness of serving business;

  • Eliminating the sequence of services requirement and integrating best practices such as industry partnerships and career pathways; and

  • Focusing youth services on out-of-school and disconnected youth between the ages of 16-24. 

In addition, WIOA also establishes the one-stop center delivery system, which provides convenient access to job search assistance, workforce training and career services through various locations across the country. 
WIOA recognizes the importance of local elected officials’ role in the governance of workforce development activities and the critical role local elected officials and local

WDBs play in workforce and economic development in local communities. It also provides enhanced flexibilities to address local workforce challenges.

WIOA Title I focuses on workforce development activities at the state and local level and establish funding for three key formula grants – Adult, Dislocated Workers and Youth programs.

Over the last program year, WIOA employment and training programs have assisted 7.3 million individuals.  In 2016, 64 percent of WIOA participants gained employment, including 77 percent of Adults and 82 percent of Dislocated Workers who received training services.

While workforce development funding has declined since 2001, there was an $80 million increase in funding for FY 2018 over FY 2017 levels. Program funding remained level for FY 2019. Of the $2.8 billion allocated to WIOA Title I Programs in FY 2019, $845.6 million is included for Adults, $903.4 million for Youth, and $1.04 billion for Dislocated Workers.   As Congress considers FY 2020 funding, NACo emphasizes that any spending cuts to WIOA will negatively impact counties’ ability to adequately serve both jobseekers and businesses as intended by WIOA.

Key Talking Points

  • Enacted in 2014, the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) reauthorizes the federal employment, workforce and training programs and formula funding to states and localities. WIOA provides the needed framework for a modernized, demand-driven workforce development system to meet the needs of business and jobseekers alike
  • WIOA is a vital funding source for workforce development that helps counties tackle and overcome the challenges facing job seekers and employers
  • Local officials play a pivotal role in the governance and administration of WIOA programs and funding. Counties are involved in 90 percent of the country’s 550 local WDBs. Twenty-eight percent of WDBs are within a county department or function as a county government department

  • Local governments partner with federal, state, other local governments and the private sector through Workforce Development Boards (WDBs)
     

    For further information, contact: Daria Daniel at 202.942.4212 or ddaniel@naco.org.

 

About Daria Daniel (Full Bio)

Associate Legislative Director – Community, Economic & Workforce Development

Daria Daniel is the Associate Legislative Director for Community, Economic and Workforce Development at NACo. Daria is responsible for all policy development and lobbying for the association in the areas of housing, community, economic and workforce development.

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