Support Local Development and Infrastructure Projects: The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program
Urge your members of Congress to fund the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program at no less than $4.2 billion in FY 2024. CDBG, funded through the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development (T-HUD) appropriations bill, has been drastically reduced since FY 2010, having been cut by over half a billion dollars.
The CDBG program was enacted in 1974 to provide block grant funding for community development programs. The program assists urban, suburban and rural communities in improving housing and living conditions and expanding economic opportunities for low- and moderate-income individuals. CDBG helps create jobs by expanding and retaining businesses and is an essential tool for helping local governments tackle serious challenges facing our communities. Counties use the flexibility of CDBG funds to partner with the private and non-profit sectors to develop and upgrade local housing, water, infrastructure and human services programs. Counties rely on the flexibility of CDBG funds to meet each community’s particular development needs.
Collectively, the CDBG program provides annual grants on a formula basis to over 1,200 metropolitan city and county governments and to state governments. 214 counties receive grants directly. These “entitlement” communities receive 70 percent of CDBG funds, while states receive 30 percent. “Non-entitlement” communities, such as rural counties, must compete for funding via the state formula allocation. HUD determines the amount of each grant by using a formula comprised of several measures of community needs, including the extent of poverty, population, housing overcrowding, age of housing and population growth lag in relationship to other metropolitan areas.
Currently, CDBG is funded at $3.3 billion under FY 2023 appropriations, a decrease of $150 million under the FY 2021 level. NACo members are encouraged to contact their members of Congress to support $4.2 billion in funding for CDBG in the FY 2024 appropriations process.
Key Talking Points
- Funding for the CDBG program should be maintained or increased at $4.2 billion in FY 2024. The CDBG program has faced drastic cuts in recent years, falling by over half a billion dollars since FY 2010. CDBG was funded at $3.3 billion in FY 2023.
- CDBG funding cuts will hurt job creation and community development investments.
- Counties utilize the flexibility of CDBG funds to support projects that meet their local priorities in addressing community and economic development, housing, water, infrastructure and human service needs.
- The CDBG program provides vital resources for state and local governments to make investments to support economic development and improve community conditions.
- Every $1.00 of CDBG leverages $3.64 in non-CDBG funds. Since 2005, CDBG has preserved over 1.25 million units of affordable housing and has created or retained 454,961 economic development jobs.
Washtenaw County, Mich. has returned $3.3 million in real estate to families who were forced by segregation to rely on complex legal strategies to buy homes.
On January 23 and January 25, Senator Catherine Cortez Masto, Representatives Joyce Beatty and John Garamendi reintroduced the HOME Investment Partnerships Reauthorization and Improvement Act. The bicameral legislation reauthorizes the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s HOME Investment Partnerships Program, incrementally increases the program’s authorization levels until 2028 and makes several changes to the program to increase flexibility.