County News

The Fourth of July: 2017

On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, setting the 13 colonies on the road to freedom as a sovereign nation. Take a moment to learn more about the nation's birthday.

And from all of us at NACo headquarters— a most Happy July 4th to the men and women in our nation's counties who faithfully carry on the tradition of leadership and self-governance affirmed in 1776.

2.5 million

In July 1776, the estimated number of people living in the newly independent nation.

Source: Historical Statistics of the United States: 1789-1945 www2.census.gov/prod2/statcomp/documents/HistoricalStatisticsoftheUnitedStates1789-1945.pdf

323.1 million

The nation’s estimated population on July 4, 2016. Source: U.S. and World Population Clock

www.census.gov/popclock/

The Signers

56

The number of signers to the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston comprised the Committee of Five that drafted the declaration. Jefferson, regarded as the strongest and most eloquent writer, wrote most of the document.

It is also worth noting that:

  • John Hancock, president of the Second Continental Congress, was the first signer, and a merchant by trade. In 2015, there were 7.7 million business establishments with paid employees in the United States; 1.1 million, like Hancock, were in the retail trade industry.
    Source: 2015 Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns, Table CB1500A11 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/BP/2015/00A1//naics~00|44-45
  • Benjamin Franklin, who represented Pennsylvania, was the oldest of the signers at age 70. Franklin County, Pa., had an estimated population of 153,851 as of July 1, 2016. Edward Rutledge, of South Carolina, was the youngest at age 26.
    Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US42055
  • Two future presidents signed, John Adams (second president) and Thomas Jefferson (third president). Both died on the 50th anniversary of signing the declaration (July 4, 1826). There are 12 counties nationwide named Adams and 26 named Jefferson.
    Source: 2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/gazetteer2016.html
  • Robert Livingston, who represented New York, was on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence but was recalled by his state before he could sign it. Livingston County, N.Y., was home to an estimated 64,257 people as of July 1, 2016.
    Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population:
    April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US36051
  • Representing Georgia in 1776 were Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall and George Walton. Gwinnett County, Ga. (907,135); Hall County, Ga. (196,637); and Walton County, Ga. (90,184), were named for these signers.
    Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population:
    April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US13135|0500000US13139|0500000US13297
  • Charles Carroll, who represented Maryland, was the last surviving signer of the declaration. He died in 1832 at the age of 95. Carroll County, Md., named for him, had an estimated population of 167,656 as of July 1, 2016.
    Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population:
    April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US24013
  • Roger Sherman, who worked as a land surveyor and lawyer, represented Connecticut. In 2015, there were an estimated 25,698 surveyors, cartographers and photogrammetrists employed full time, year-round, and 879,090 lawyers employed full time, year-round nationwide.
    Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B24124 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B24124
  • Nelson County, Va. (14,869), and Wythe County, Va. (29,016), were named for two of the six signers who represented the state of Virginia — Thomas Nelson Jr. and George Wythe.
    Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US511250500000US51197

The Bombs Bursting in Air

$296.2 million

The value of fireworks imported from China in 2016, representing the bulk of all U.S. fireworks imported ($307.8 million). U.S. exports of fireworks, by comparison, came to just $10.0 million in the same year.

Source: International Trade Statistics, Code 360410 https://usatrade.census.gov/

$368.6 million

The value of fireworks sales by retailers in 2012.

Source: 2012 Economic Census, NAICS: 453998 http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/44SLLS1//naics~ALL-44-  45/prodsvc~20874

$482.6 million

The value of fireworks and firecrackers sales by wholesalers in 2012. There were 172 wholesalers who sold these items in 2012.

Source: 2012 Economic Census http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ECN/2012_US/42SLLS1//prodsvc~12815

You’re a Grand Old Flag

$5.4 million

The value of U.S. imports of American flags in 2016. The vast majority of this amount ($5.3 million) was imported from China.

Source: International Trade Statistics, Code 6307909825 https://usatrade.census.gov/

$27.8 million

The value of U.S. flags exported in 2016. Mexico accounted for the vast majority of U.S. flags exported ($26.1 million).

Source: International Trade Statistics, Code 6307909825 https://usatrade.census.gov/

This Land Is Your Land

33

The number of counties and census incorporated places that contain the word “Liberty” in the name. Of the 33 areas, four are counties: Liberty County, Texas (81,704); Liberty County, Ga. (62,570); Liberty County, Fla. (8,202); and Liberty County, Mont. (2,409).

Sources: 2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files and 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, Table PEPANNRES www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/gazetteer.html
https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US12077|0500000US13179|0500000US30051|0500000US48291

1

The number of incorporated places that has “Patriot” in its name: Patriot town, Ind., has an estimated population of 208.

Source: 2015 Population Estimates https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2015/PEPANNRES/1620000US1858392

18

The number of counties that have “Union” in the name. Of the 18 counties, the three largest in population are: Union County, N.J. (555,630); Union County, N.C. (226,606); and Union County, Ohio (55,457).

Source: 2016 Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2016/PEPANNRES/0500000US05139|0500000US12125|0500000US13291|0500000US17181|0500000US18161|0500000US19175|0500000US21225|0500000US22111|0500000US28145|0500000US34039|0500000US35059|0500000US37179|0500000US39159|0500000US41061|0500000US42119|0500000US45087|0500000US46127|0500000US47173

The British Are Coming!

$109.7 billion

The value of trade between the United States and the United Kingdom in 2016, making the British our adversary in 1776, the seventh-leading trading partner today.

Source: International Trade Statistics www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/c4120.html

23.96 million

The number of people reporting English ancestry in the United States. People claiming English ancestry ranked third behind those claiming German (45,526,331) and Irish ancestry (32,713,324).

Source: 2015 American Community Survey, Table B04006 https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/15_1YR/B04006

The following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau’s Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)

Super Bowl (1st Sunday in February)

Valentine’s Day (Feb. 14)

Women’s History Month (March)

Irish-American Heritage Month (March)

St. Patrick’s Day (March 17)

Earth Day (April 22)

Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)

Older Americans Month (May)

Mother’s Day (2nd Sunday in May)

Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)

Father’s Day (3rd Sunday in June)

The Fourth of July (July 4)

Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (July 26)

Back to School (August)

Labor Day (1st Monday in September)

Grandparents Day (1st Sunday after Labor Day)

Unmarried and Single Americans Week (September)

Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)

Halloween (Oct. 31)

American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month (November)

Veterans Day (Nov. 11)

Thanksgiving Day (4th Thursday in November)

The Holiday Season (December)

Editor’s note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau’s Public Information Office.

Daniel Velez
Public Information Office census.gov
301-763-3030 / pio@census.gov Connect with us on Social media

Contact the Editor

Bev Schlotterbeck
Executive Editor
(202) 942-4249
bschlott@naco.org